Hydrogen Generation Market (By Technology: Coal Gasification, Steam Methane Reforming, and Others; By Application: Methanol Production, Ammonia Production, Petroleum Refinery, Transportation, Power Generation, and Others; By System Type: Merchant and Captive; By Type, By Source) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Outlook, and Forecast 2023 - 2032

The Hydrogen Generation market size was exhibited at USD 138.59 billion in 2022 and is projected to hit around USD 265.08 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 6.7% during the forecast period 2023 to 2032.

Hydrogen Generation market size

Key Pointers:

  • Coal Gasification held a share of 35.19% in the global Hydrogen Generation Market in 2022.
  • Ammonia production segment led the market and accounted for the largest revenue share of more than 21.14% in 2022. 
  • The Asia Pacific dominated the global market in 2022 and accounted for the largest revenue share of over 42.19%.
  • Various strategic initiatives were recorded during the past few years to boost the growth of the market. For instance, in 2019 Linde Plc announced that it has started a new gas production facility that supplies methane, carbon dioxide, and, hydrogen to Evonik Industries. The new plant is likely to incorporate advanced technologies that would enhance the plant's efficiency and reliability.

Hydrogen Generation Market Report Scope

Report Coverage


Market Size in 2023

USD 147.88 Billion

Market Size by 2032

USD 265.08 Billion

Growth Rate from 2023 to 2032

CAGR of 6.7%

Base year


Forecast period

2023 to 2032

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends

Segments covered

            Technology, System Type, Application, Region

Key companies profiled

Linde plc, Air Liquide International S.A., Hydrogenics, Inox, Messer Group GmbH, Weldstar, Inc., Praxair, Inc., McPhy, LNI Swissgas


The global hydrogen generation market is likely to be driven by the demand for cleaner fuel, coupled with increasing governmental regulations for the desulphurization of petroleum products. Hydrogen is an effective energy carrier, and this quality is expected to contribute significantly to its further penetration into newer markets. The global electricity demand is expected to witness an increase of nearly two-thirds of the current demand during the forecast period. Focus on the projects, related to distributed power & utility, expected to bolster demand for the hydrogen generation market growth, during the forecast period. 

The U.S. is among the early adopters of clean energy solutions in the world for sectors such as power generation, manufacturing, and transportation. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Transportation (DOT) introduced a Hydrogen Posture Plan in December 2006. The aim of this plan was to enhance R&D and validate technologies that can be employed for setting up hydrogen infrastructure. Moreover, this plan provided deliverables that were set by the Federal government to support the development of hydrogen infrastructure in the country. The plan was developed in accordance with the National Hydrogen Energy Vision and Roadmap. Development and construction of cost-effective and energy-saving hydrogen stations across the country is among the key objectives, planned by the government agency. All these factors are expected to propel the demand for the hydrogen generation market in the U.S.

The German Ministry of Transport took an initiative in June 2012 to establish a countrywide hydrogen network and boost the hydrogen infrastructure for hydrogen refueling stations. As part of this initiative, the Ministry signed a letter of intent (LoI) with industry players such as Total, The Linde Group, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Daimler AG, and Air Liquide. Under the terms of which these industry players have given a target to construct, at least 50nos hydrogen fueling stations by 2015, in the metropolitan cities and major corridors in Germany.

Technology Type Insights

On the basis of Technology Type, the global market has been further divided into Steam Methane Reforming, Coal Gasification, plus Others. The steam methane reforming process is a mature and advanced technology in hydrogen generation. The growing demand for hydrogen generation across the globe is a crucial driving factor for steam methane reformers technology, as steam methane reforming is the most economical method for hydrogen generation. Other factors driving the growth of the market include operational benefits such as high conversion efficiency associated with the steam methane reforming process. The Steam Methane Reforming segment is expected to keep its lead during the forecast period.

Coal Gasification held a share of 35.19% in the global Hydrogen Generation Market in 2022. Coal gasification which uses coal as a raw material for producing hydrogen has been in practice for nearly two centuries, moreover, it is also recognized as a mature technology for hydrogen generation. The U.S. has a huge domestic resource in coal. The use of coal to generate hydrogen for the transportation sector is expected to help  America in reducing its dependency on imported petroleum products.

Technologies considered under others segment include electrolysis and pyrolysis process, electrolyzes. Over the last decade, there has been an increase in new electrolysis installation with an aim to produce hydrogen from water, wherein PEM technology is gaining a significant share in the market since the process emits only oxygen as a byproduct without carbon emission. Presently most of the electrolysis projects are in Europe; however, the new and upcoming projects have been announced in Australia, China, and America.

Application Insights

Ammonia production segment led the market and accounted for the largest revenue share of more than 21.14% in 2022. The ammonia production segment will maintain its lead throughout the forecast period. Ammonia’s potential as a carbon-free fuel, hydrogen carrier, and energy store represents an opportunity for renewable hydrogen technologies to be deployed at an even greater scale. Hydrogen is typically produced on-site at ammonia plants from a fossil fuel feedstock. The most common feedstock is natural gas, which feeds a steam methane reforming (SMR) unit. Coal can also be used to produce ammonia via a partial oxidation (POX) process.

The market is estimated to have a steady growth in all segments as the demand for hydrogen increases. Methanol is currently considered one of the most useful chemical products and is a promising building block for obtaining more complex chemical compounds, such as acetic acid, methyl tertiary butyl ether, dimethyl ether, methylamine, etc. Methanol is the simplest alcohol, appearing as a colorless liquid and with a distinctive smell, and can be produced by converting CO2 and H2, with the further benefit of significantly reducing CO2 emissions in the atmosphere.

Hydrogen-based power generation technology has comfortably positioned itself in mature markets, such as North America and Europe, where clean yet effective energy is one of the primary aspects. Hydrogen-based power generation, which is cost-effective and a reliable source of power generation, are generating optimistic demands.

Turning crude oil into various end-user products such as transport fuels and petrochemical feedstock are some of the major applications of hydrogen.  Hydro treatment and hydro-cracking are the main hydrogen-consuming processes in the refinery. Hydro treatment is used to remove impurities, especially Sulphur, and accounts for a large share of refinery hydrogen use, globally. Hydrocracking is a process that uses hydrogen to upgrade heavy residual oils into higher-value oil products.

Source Insights

In source, natural gas segment led the market in 2022. Hydrogen is produced from natural gas reforming which produces hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide. Hydrogen production from natural gas is the cheapest method of producing hydrogen. It is expected to keep its lead during the forecast period.

Systems Insights

Based on systems Merchant generation segment led the market in 2022. Merchant generation of hydrogen means hydrogen is produced at a central production facility and is transported and sold to a consumer by bulk tank, pipeline or cylinder truck. In many countries such as the U.S., Canada, and Russia there is an extensive existing natural gas pipeline network that could be used to transport and distribute hydrogen. The merchant generation segment is expected to keep its lead during the forecast period.

Regional Insights

The Asia Pacific dominated the global market in 2022 and accounted for the largest revenue share of over 42.19%. China led the Asia Pacific regional market in 2022, in terms of revenue. The presence of a greater number of refineries within the Asia Pacific region, in major countries such as China and India, has resulted to drive the utilization of hydrogen generation in the region. Further, governments in some of the Asia Pacific countries such as Japan and Australia are evaluating greener and cleaner technologies for hydrogen generation.

Hydrogen producers in the region are looking to expand their geographical reach and target countries like Vietnam, Indonesia, and South Africa among other developing nations, to boost their revenue. U.S.-based market players like Praxair Inc., and Air Liquide are looking to expand their operations in the countries with increasing demand for hydrogen, as part of their strategic growth plans.

The expansion of the hydrogen generation industry in North America has been underway for several years. The industry has grown at a brisk pace with contributions from each application and technology. Methanol production and ammonia production are the fastest growing sector with countries such as the U.S. and Canada, witnessing significant growth in the last five years.

Growth in hydrogen generation is expected in the region on account of the development and deployment of fuel cell systems in Europe which is witnessing an increase due to the projects announced by the European Commission through organizations such as Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU). These projects have been announced with an objective to increase the adoption of fuel cell vehicles in Europe and this will assist in the development of supportive hydrogen infrastructure for the fuel cell vehicles in the major European countries.

Some of the prominent players in the Hydrogen Generation Market include:

  • Linde plc
  • Air Liquide International S.A.
  • Hydrogenics
  • Inox
  • Messer Group GmbH
  • Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
  • Weldstar, Inc.
  • Praxair, Inc.
  • McPhy
  • LNI Swissgas

Segments Covered in the Report

This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional, country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2018 to 2032. For this study, Nova one advisor, Inc. has segmented the Hydrogen Generation market.

By Technology

  • Coal Gasification
  • Steam Methane Reforming
  • Partial Oxidation (POX)
  • Electrolysis
  • Others

By Application

  • Methanol Production
  • Ammonia Production
  • Petroleum Refinery
  • Transportation
  • Power Generation
  • Others

By Type

  • Blue Hydrogen
  • Gray Hydrogen
  • Green Hydrogen

By System Type

  • Merchant
  • Captive

By Source

  • Natural Gas
  • Coal
  • Biomass
  • Water

By Region

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa (MEA)

Report Detail

  • Report Code:7411
  • No. of Pages:150+
  • Format:PDF/PPT/Excel

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