Global Automotive Automatic Transmission System Market Size, Share, Forecast Report, 2020-2027
An automobile automatic transmission system also called as the shelf shifting automobile transmission, involves the process of transmitting the power from the engine to the wheels by using automatically changing gear ratios. This helps move the vehicle from one point to another without the need to shift gears manually. Generally, an internal combustion engine with a capacity to rotate at high RPM is used for providing the automatic transmission system. This is primarily because the engine is capable of providing a variety of speed range and torque outputs, which are essential and beneficial when the vehicle moves in heavy traffic condition.
Several factors are responsible for the growth of the global automotive automatic transmission system market, the first one being the shift of population demand from manual to automatic transmission due to ease of operation. Secondly, the system causes less fatigue to the driver in case of comparable distances. Thirdly, all the adults from the family can drive an automatic transmission vehicle thus, making its use multipurpose and more widened. The global automotive automatic transmission system market is expected to expand with a CAGR of approx. 6% (2017 to 2023).
Automotive Automatic Transmission System Market by Segmentation:
On the basis of the type, the continuous variable transmission system is the most widely used automatic transmission system. The system consists of gearboxes, which use either a set of pulleys or belts for changing the gears, in place of the steel gears, which form a crucial component of the auto transmission system. This helps in easy gear shifting with a range of gear ratios and helps the engine achieve maximum RPM capacity. Further, are CVTs are classified into two subtypes. The hydrostatic CVT makes use of displacement pumps and hydrostatic motors for the transfer of power to the engine. The other type of CVT, is the Torroidal CVT, which makes use of the power rollers and discs for the same purpose. The CVT helps the engine achieve maximum efficiency without the requirement of full throttle acceleration. CVT, thus, helps save fuel and improve the fuel economy, along with relatively less maintenance cost required. The automated manual transmission (AMT), also called the semi-automatic transmission makes use of the regular gear and clutch mechanism. However, AMT utilizes processors, sensors, pneumatics and actuators for automating the process. Automobiles using AMT provide a pleasurable riding experience on the highways. However, the AMT powered vehicles aren’t recommended to be ridden on city roads in heavy traffic due to jerky vibrations of the engine felt under hard acceleration. The dual-clutch transmission is a perfect hybrid of the manual and automatic transmission. Due to the absence of a torque converter in the DCT, the automaker makes use of two separate gear changing shafts. One shaft each is required for the odd and even numbered gears, and thus, have their own individual clutch.
The direct shift gearbox (DSG) functions quite similar to a DCT wherein it uses a two clutch mechanism in place of the torque converter. DSG functions by the simple disengaging of one clutch and engaging the other for smooth gear changing. The fuel efficiency of the advanced DSG systems is better than some of the manual transmission gearboxes. DSG requires the driver to change the vehicle fluid after every 50.000 km, since it is a wet transmission requiring to keep the clutch and gearbox assembly well lubricated. This differentiates the DSG from the DCT, wherein the DCT is a dry transmission system, thus wearing out the gears quite fast. The DSG, however, provides almost a decade long service with little or no wear related gear changing maintenance.
The key players in global automotive automatic transmission system market are Magna International Inc. (Canada), Aisin Seiki Co., Ltd. (Japan), ZF Friedrichshafen AG (Germany), GETRAG (Germany) and JATCO Ltd. (Japan). Eaton Corporation PLC (Republic of Ireland), Continental AG (Germany), Allison Transmission (U.S.), BorgWarner Inc. (U.S.), and GKN PLC (U.K.) are among other important players in the market.